C++是由Bjarne Stroustrup于1979年在贝尔实验室开发的中级程序设计语言。 C++在各种平台上运行,例如Windows,Mac OS和各种版本的 UNIX/Linux。

C++标准库是以C++语言为核心编写的类,函数,宏,常量等的集合。一个头文件可以根据不同的编译器实现而变化。此教程中包含C++标准库中的内容,新的C++特定头文件以及C++标准模板库(STL)的其他重要的头文件。

面向读者

C++标准库是C++程序员的参考,帮助他们在项目开发过程与系统编程相关编程时参考应用。 本教程中所有的C++函数都是以一种易于理解的方式或示例来演示说明,这此示例可以很容易地在开发的C++项目中使用。

阅读或使用教程的前提条件

有C++编程语言的基本理解和知识,有助理解此库中包含的C++类和内置函数。所以要求读者最好有C语言或C++编程基础知识。

代码开发或测试环境

查看在Linux系统上安装的C++编译器,如下命令 -

[[email protected] ~]# g++ -v Using built-in specs. COLLECT_GCC=g++ COLLECT_LTO_WRAPPER=/usr/libexec/gcc/x86_64-redhat-linux/4.8.5/lto-wrapper Target: x86_64-redhat-linux Configured with: ../configure --prefix=/usr --mandir=/usr/share/man --infodir=/usr/share/info --with-bugurl=http://bugzilla.redhat.com/bugzilla --enable-bootstrap --enable-shared --enable-threads=posix --enable-checking=release --with-system-zlib --enable-__cxa_atexit --disable-libunwind-exceptions --enable-gnu-unique-object --enable-linker-build-id --with-linker-hash-style=gnu --enable-languages=c,c++,objc,obj-c++,java,fortran,ada,go,lto --enable-plugin --enable-initfini-array --disable-libgcj --with-isl=/builddir/build/BUILD/gcc-4.8.5-20150702/obj-x86_64-redhat-linux/isl-install --with-cloog=/builddir/build/BUILD/gcc-4.8.5-20150702/obj-x86_64-redhat-linux/cloog-install --enable-gnu-indirect-function --with-tune=generic --with-arch_32=x86-64 --build=x86_64-redhat-linux Thread model: posix gcc version 4.8.5 20150623 (Red Hat 4.8.5-4) (GCC)

对于本教程中给出的大多数示例,您可以加以运行和测试,因此您要还需要安装好C++的编译环境。还要熟悉C++的编译的链接,并执行输出结果。


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